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Artful sentences: syntax as style virginia tufte.pdf
Artful Sentences: Style as style Syntax is what it sounds: artful.more).
I style watched him warily, sensing a possibly rival, wondering who he was.
Placing tuftepdf the virginia focus on style and flexibility instead of rules provides tutors in the Writing Center with an excellent model for non-directive tutoring.Her special fields are Milton, Renaissance poetry, and the history and grammar of English.The method of offering students variations of their own style sample sentences, both as examples and options for revision, is very non-directive.The difference is her almost complete absence of instruction, or rules that students should know before they break them.If you are already a good writer, Artful Sentences can help you to artful become excellent.Artful Sentences: Syntax as Style, generally recognized as the best study of sentence style."-Brooks Landon, University of Iowa,.She warns her readers against writing that might create awkward unintended rhythms (120 and devotes an entire chapter to cohesion between sentences, phrases and ideas.But by treating each sentence as a flexible and open piece of language that can be molded to suit the writers needs, the tutor can both show a student their syntactic, and consequently semantic options, while still leaving the student in complete control.In, artful Sentences: Syntax as Style, Virginia Tufte presents and comments on more than a thousand excellent sentences chosen from the works of authors in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries.They are taken from every written discipline.The sentences come from an extensive search to identify some of the ways professional writers use the generous resources of the English language.She first gives a model sentence from Ralph Ellisons Invisible Man, Sensing a possible rival, I watched him warily, wondering who he was (315).Tufte takes a different approach, one artful of description.By following the strategies that Tufte uses in teaching effective styles, tutors can teach students to write sound prose, that not only follows the traditional grammatical conventions, but is stylistically effective as well.Tufte expands on this idea in her closing lines: tuftepdf Forms that seem limited, and even limiting, in fact offer a range of opportunities to a writer in command of themand one who knows how to transgress against themto achieve undreamed of effectiveness, grace, and versatility. In her last chapter, Syntactic Symbolism, Tufte takes this strategy of vocalization to another level, citing examples of prose that itself embodies the ideas it describes.
And she achieves.Here syntax as style has moved beyond the manual arbitrary, the sufficient, she says of her photosmart examples, and is made so appropriate to content that, sharing the very qualities of the content, it is carried to that point where it seems not only right, but inevitable.It gives the reader a sense of excitement and is a great antidote to the pessimistic, rule-bound, feeling that traditional grammar study can present.Although she begins with the simple sentence, she moves through compound, complex, and compound complex sentences quickly, describing the sentence parts and how they can be used.And after providing the example, Tufte describes the syntactic options that could be considered in revision: Sensing a possible rival, wondering who he was, I watched him warily, I, sensing a possible rival, wondering who he was, watched him warily.Just as she claims, Tufte also gives the reader the valuable skills and models to follow.This optimistic view of the flexibility language provides for us is a liberating one.Terms such as parataxis, synecdoche, as well as the elusive wysiwyg clause (what you see is what you get are defined for readers office who may not yet be familiar with them.Poetry is paired with technical writing, and science fiction with art manual criticism.It thus provides a systematic, comprehensive range of models for aspiring writers.This concept, that of syntax symbolically representing the actions semantically described, is what Tufte sees mail as the crowning achievement of style.But Tufte makes it easier on them by defining many difficult terms, beta and an observant and patient reader can learn much.Tufte places an emphasis on the flow of writing, continually using word such as rhythm (108 and energy (106).Another method that can be beneficial for tutors is that of vocalizing the students prose.Her descriptions are clear and well organized, her own sentences often competing sharppdf with her examples in artfulness. But Artful Sentences: Syntax as Style is more than a catalogue of beautifully written writing samples.