77 Arvind Sharma states that there was a distinction between jauhar and sati, because jauhar was principally motivated by a desire to avoid being captured by the invading Muslims, while sati was suicide of a devoted widow.
Altekar thinks it significant that Gautama Buddha, who castigated customs of animal sacrifice, and other customs where pain was inflicted, is entirely silent about burning women alive.
Before Orientalism: Asian Peoples and Cultures in European Travel Writing.
In Rajputana, a later stronghold for sati there are two, possibly three reliably attested cases before 1000.
83 Evidence suggests that there were instances of Sati practice (self immolation) by Jain women, including some in the 19th century.86 In Bihar, the Muslim widows were stated to be carrying out a related practice.What kind of year did a firm have?139 Awadh and Bhopal were actively suppressing sati by 1849."The Orient's Mediaeval Orient(alism.Ikram, edited by Ainslie.25 According to Axel Michaels, the first inscriptional evidence of the practice is from Nepal in 464 CE, and in India from 510.
Women in India: A Social and Cultural History 2 smart card reader omnikey 1021 driver volumes: A Social and Cultural History.
From the 11th century and thereafter, Buddhism in Vietnam incorporated many Chinese Confucian influences.
As an example, The Calcutta Review published accounts as the following one: In 1822, the Salt Agent at Barripore, 16 miles south of Calcutta, went out of his way to report a case which he had witnessed, in which the woman was forcibly held down.84 In the Epigraphia Carnatica, two of the 41 cases of sati in the time period 1400 to 1600 CE are those of Jain women.185 Vijayanagara empire edit The sati stone evidence from the time of the empire is regarded as relatively rare; only about 50 are clearly identified as such.8 Two wives committed sati when Sikh King Kharak Singh died, and five women joined the funeral pyre of Maharaja Basant Singh."Bengal and Agra, Miscellaneous".A b Dorothy Ko; JaHyun Kim Haboush; Joan.118 Serampore was a Danish colony, rather than British, and the reason why Carey started his mission in Danish India, rather than in British, was because The East India Company did not accept Christian missionary activity within their domains.State University of New York Press.Kulturmøder repair manual for yamaha blaster i dansk kolonihistorie.97 The above theories do not explain how and why sati practice continued during the colonial era, particularly in significant numbers in colonial Bengal Presidency (modern Bihar, Jharkhand, West Bengal, Bangladesh and Assam)."Satimata tradition: The Transformative process".New Delhi: APH Publishing.Baroda and other princely states of Kathiawar Agency banned the practice in 1840, 135 whereas Kolhapur followed them in 1841, 136 the princely state of Indore some time before 1843.
Garzilli, Enrica (August 1997).